Scratches are unavoidable. Every car, even a brand new one, can easily get scratched. There are tons of ways scratches can get to the car. They can also be caused by mistake while rubbing grit off the car. Clear coat scratches can be removed in 5 simple steps.
In order to fix a scratch, it’s important to understand the paint job of your car. The car paint is made up of 3 layers:
- Primer: Which is the coat of paint over the bare metal body of the car.
- Base Coat (color): This coat gives the car its color.
- Clear Coat: This coat gives the car its glossy shine and it is the thickest paint layer (0.03-0.05mm). The car wax comes over this layer of paint. Car Wax can be used to fill small imperfections and light scratches on the paint.
You need soapy water and a clean towel to wipe off any dirt or grit in the area of the scratch. If your towel has its tag on, it’s best to remove the tag as it can cause more scratches. Also, remove ring, wrist watches or any other jewelry from your hands, as they can scratch the body of the car. This will also help you identify if the scratch is removable. If the soapy water makes the scratch disappear, it means the scratch can be removed.
Place masking tape about 1 inch above and below the scratch. The purpose of placing the masking tape is to help in keeping track of the area of scratch. When you start rubbing off the scratch, it will be difficult to keep track of the scratch surface.
You need to sand the scratched area. If the scratch is deep and you can feel it with your finger nail, you will need a 3000 grid sand paper. The rule of thumb is, the lesser the number on the grit paper the less finely it is. This means that 3000 grit paper is not as fine as 5000 grit paper. So if the scratch is not so deep, you might want to rub it off with a 5000 grit sand paper.
When sanding, you need to sand perpendicular to the scratch (against the grain of the scratch). A good tip while sanding is to place a kitchen sponge in between the sand paper. This helps even out the pressure you apply on the sand paper when rubbing the scratch. Sprinkle enough soapy water on the sand paper and the scratch and begin to rub perpendicular to the scratch. You will need to put medium pressure on it. When you start scratching, wipe off the area every once in a while to check if the scratch is still there. You need to be careful not to sand too deep, so once the scratch is gone you need to stop sanding.
What you need for this step is a fine polish. A polish for fine scratch and swirl remover will be ideal. Before you begin, clean the area with soapy water to clear off any dirt or grit; this will avoid new scratches. Take a clean micro-fibre towel and apply the polish on it. Rub the polish in a circular pattern so that you can cover all angles of the scratch. You might have to apply two coats of polish. You can buy various car polishes online from the PakWheels Auto Shop.
Use a paste wax to wipe the polished surface. The reason why a paste wax is preferred over a liquid wax because it fills up the scratch properly. Wax fills any microscopic scratches and also protects the clear coat.
The best part of this scratch removing technique is that you can remove scratches without any special tools. A tip to keep in mind is to gently sand the scratch and be mindful not to sand too deep into the paint.