Found some information on TOYOTA FJ40 LAND CRUISER,it may be of some use.
TOYOTA FJ40 LAND CRUISER
Frame - Engine - Axel information
Series Overall Length Wheel base Wheel base Track Track Spring Sprint Length Spring Length Hanger Width Hanger Width
inches front rear front front rear front rear
25 3838 2285 90 in 1390 1350 LF -- -- -- --
40 3680 2285 90 in 1404 1400 LF 1070 1070 686 970
42 3680 2285 90 in 1404 1400 LF 1070 1070 686 970
43 4038 2430 96 in 1404 1400 LF 1070 1265 686 970
45 L 4760 2950 116 in 1404 1400 LF 1070 1265 686 970
45 W 4630 2650 104 in 1404 1400 LF 1070 1265 686 970
45 S 4651 2641 104 in 1404 1400 LF -- -- 686 970
47 4760 2950 116 in 1404 1400 LF 1070 1265 686 970
55 4637 2700 106 in 1404 1400 LF 1071 1155 686 970
60 4576 2730 108 in 1485 1470 LF 1058 1160 796 1030
62 4576 2730 108 in 1485 1470 LF 1058 1160 796 1030
70 3476 2310 90 in 1425 1420 LF 1087 1156 640 940
LD 3476 2310 90 in -- -- CO -- -- -- --
73 -- -- -- 1425 1420 LF -- -- -- --
LD -- -- -- -- -- CO -- -- -- --
75 P 4495 -- -- 1425 1420 LF 1087 1156 640 940
75 W 4533 -- -- -- -- LF 1087 1282 640 940
80 4780 2845 112 1534 1539 CO -- -- -- --
All measurements in millimeters unless noted otherwise.
Spring Length is defined as the distance between the centerlines of the front and rear hangers for a spring.
Hanger width is the lateral distance between spring hangers.
Stock Curb Weights (lbs)
Gas Land Cruiser engines are manufactured by Toyota. The F and 2F engines were also used in Toyota Forklifts. The F engine is supposed to be based on the Chevy 225 I-6 "Cast Iron Wonder" and some of the bottom end of the engine is rumored to be interchangeable. The main differences between the F and the 2F are the 2F's larger bore, the F's 2 compression and 2 oil rings versus the 2F's 2 compression and single oil ring and the fact that the F had two oil paths--through the filter or through the engine compared to the 2F where all oil had to travel through the filter before the engine.
Most of the diesels are made by Hino industries, a sub-contractor for Toyota. Similar engines were used in Hino heavy trucks which are used in Canada, so the drive train of Hino trucks may be adaptable. Hino engines similar to the B and 3B are supposed to be used to run the refrigerator units on some refrigerated semi trailers. Some of the B diesels are manufactured by Daihatsu and can be identified by the letter "D" on the timing cover.
Most diesels in Japan and Canada are 24V and therefore meet NATO military specs. However, Canadian 1985 (85/10) BJ70's and all Canadian BJ60's are 12V. In Europe, all diesels larger than 4 cylinders are 24V except for in the 80 series which uses a 24/12V Series/Parallel switch to allow 24V starting and 12V while running. Australian diesels are all 12V.
The B, H, and 2H were also used in Toyota Forklifts, Dyna and Coaster buses.
Other Engine Suppliers
Portugese and Italian BJ73's use a VM engine made by the Italian company Stabilimenti Meccanici VM S.p.A. South African HJ75's use an Atlantis Diesel Engine licensed from Perkins. The Brazilian made Bandeirantes use a Mercedes diesel engine.
Regular Land Cruiser axle housings are similar to a Ford 9" and differential carriers are similar in construction to a Chevy 12bolt. The front and rear differential housings are both offset to the right in all models except some '58-62's which were centered. They have an 9.25" ring gear. The axle shafts are 33mm in diameter (the same as a some Dana 60's) 1960-67 shafts had 10 coarse splines while 68 and later shafts have 30 fine splines. In 1968, the front axle CV joints changed from ball joints to Birfield. Full Floating Axles have smaller shafts because the entire weight of the truck is bourne by the wheel bearings and the shaft itself is not loaded in flexure.
Light Duty axle housings are the same as those used in Toyota Pickup trucks. They feature a smaller housing constructed similarly to the heavy duty Land Cruiser. The ring gear is only 8" but the axle shafts are the same size and have the same number of splines as the regular Land Cruiser.
Land Cruisers models are identified by an alphanumeric code. The code consists of the engine series designation letter(s) and the frame designation number separated by a the letter "J." The J may be intended to indicate Japan as the country of production. For example a 2 door with short wheel base and a 2F gasoline engine would be a FJ40.
Toyota Land Cruiser BJ (Toyota Jeep)
Land Cruiser BJ (Toyota Jeep) Back in 1950 the American Army contacted the Toyota Motor Corporation with a request for a 4WD vehicle to be used by the soldiers and military police stationed in Japan. Toyota took the request seriously. During the war Toyota had produced a 4WD vehicle named AK10 for the Japanese army. With that experience in their back pocket Toyota presented, within six months, in August 1950 the Toyota Jeep Model BJ. It had a two piece windscreen, a vertically ribbed front and its appearance did not differ much from the Jeep. The engine was a 6-cylinder gasoline, 3.386 liter and 63 kW. It had a 4-speed transmission without synchromesh and a single range transfer.
Toyota Land Cruiser 25 Series
25 Series In 1958 the Land Cruiser took on the familiar body style. It used the 3.8 liter 6 cylinder gas "F" engine. It had a slightly different grill and fenders than later 40's. (This example of the FJ25 was found in a Costa Rican Auto dealership.)
Toyota Land Cruiser 40 Series
40 Series The 40 Series was produced from 1961 to 1984. This is the classic Land Cruiser. It is a two door with removable hardtop / softop. Early models had a 3 speed transmission that was replaced in 1974 with a 4 speed, and in 1983 with a 5 speed. It is was produced with several engine types. FJ40's with the 3.8 liter 6 cylinder F engine came to North America around 1963. FJ40's with the 4.2 liter 2F engine started in 1974. BJ40's with the 3.0 liter 4 cylinder B engine came to Canada from '78-'80 but were offered elsewhere for longer. BJ40's with the 3.4 liter 3B came to Canada from '81-'84.
Toyota Land Cruiser 45 Series Troop Carrier
45 Series Troop Carrier This is a longer wheelbase version of the 40. This truck was spotted in Costa Rica. This style was not generally available in the USA although some were imported discreetly. Australia got their first FJ45 troopies in 1976, these were all soft top models with full hard doors. No diesel models until mid 1979 when the H series 6 cylinder diesel was introduced and a hard top model designated HJ45 arrived. It had 2 body options, 11 seat capacity or 3 seater, hardtop roof was full length fiberglass. All hardtops had "ambulance" rear doors, Nippondenso "factory under dash air" was an option. Around 1981 the HJ47 was released with the 2H diesel, padded dash and a change of color schemes. The HJ47 model continued until about late 1984.
Toyota Land Cruiser 45 Series Wagon
45 Series Wagon The 45 Wagon is quite rare It is similar to the troop carrier, but has 5 doors. Gifu Body manufactured the body for the 45 Wagon.
Toyota Land Cruiser 45 Series Pickup
45 Series Pickup The pickup version of the Land Cruiser. 45 LBPU Square bed with tie down loops on sides, removable hard/soft top. 45 SBPU Rounded bed with bevel on top rim like a 40. This version had fixed hardtop until approx. 1964 then removable hardtop.
Toyota Land Cruiser 55 Series Wagon
55 Series This model was available in North America from 1969 to 1980. It appeared with an F engine, and then was replaced with the 2F version in 1975. It is a station wagon with a narrower appearance than the 40 series.
Toyota Land Cruiser 60 Series
60 Series FJ60's were available from 1980 to 1987 and were equipped with the 2F Gasoline engine in the USA. BJ60's with the 3B Diesel became available in Canada in 1984, then they were replaced with with the HJ60 with the 6 cylinder Diesel and a 5 speed transmission from '85-'87.
Toyota Land Cruiser 62 Series Wagon
62 Series This updated version of the 60 series was produced from 1987 to 1989. It can be distinguished from the 60 Series by the 2 pairs of rectangular headlights. It has the fuel injected 3.9 L 6 cylinder fuel injected 3F engine and was available only with an automatic transmission in North America.
Toyota Land Cruiser 62 Series
70 Series The 70 series started production in 1985. The picture shows the LX version with chrome wheels, chrome steps and grill, 'air ride' front seats, and a folding rear bench seat. The 70 Series shares many features of the late model 40 series except for the body style, the frame and drive train very similar. The BJ70 has the 3B 3.4L diesel. This version was not imported to the United States, and Canada stopped importation of this version in 1987. The 70 series is equipped with power brakes, power steering, and 5 speed transmission. In Europe and Indonesia, the 70LC "Bandura" was produced which had coil springs instead of the standard leaf springs, and the smaller 2L-T 2.3L turbo diesel engine. The newer models have a redesigned grill and come with the 6 cylinder HZJ engine.
Toyota Land Cruiser 73 Series
73 Series These are commonly called the Mid Wheel Base (MWB) Cruisers. They came out with the FRP (Fiber Reinforced Plastic) tops. They are about 12" longer in the wheel base than the SWB 70's. Powered by the 3F Gasoline engine, or the 3B, the 13BT (basically a turbo 3B), and later the 1HZ (4.2L Diesel), and the 1PZ (a 5 cylinder 3.5L version of the 1HZ). Some of these (gas only) came with an optional 4 speed Automatic transmission. In Venezuela this model is available with the 4.5 liter 1FZ Engine used in the 80 Series!
Toyota Land Cruiser 75 Series Troop Carrier
75 Series Troop Carrier 1985 saw the release of the 75 series Troopie with new body, 2H diesel and 3F petrol engines, this model continued until 1990 with minor changes, again and several after market companies provided "pop top" camper conversions for this body. The main upgrade in 1990 was an increase in engine performance, in 1993 the "RV" model was introduced with some "luxo" options like 6 seats, 4 speaker AM/FM stereo cassette, extra sub tank, cloth insert seats, front door pockets, power rear door lock. The 1HZ diesel engine continued on and a new 1FZ-FE 4.5 liter petrol engine was introduced, also 1993. Integrated Air Conditioning was also optional for the 75 series troopies. The 75 series has been adapted for many roles, recreational, mining, ambulances, armored money trucks, hire campers, extended custom bodies for tour operators etc. The Defense Forces also use them extensively.
Toyota Land Cruiser 75 Series Pickup
75 Series Pickup This is the "pickup" truck version of the 70. The current model 70 series trucks have the 4.2l Six cylinder 1HZ Diesel. (Earlier models had the 5 cylinder diesel 1PZ) This model is being imported into Canada in small numbers for use in mines in northern Canada. These versions are stripped versions with split rims and bench seats, and are not DOT certified for on road use. They are modified with a crew cab in place of the box to carry mine workers
Toyota Land Cruiser 77 Series Wagon
77 Series Wagon somewhere in Brazil. This is an LJ77 light duty Land Cruiser. The light duty version is known as the Land Cruiser II. The light duty truck has coil springs instead of leafs, and 8" differentials like the Hilux rather than the 9.5" ones found on the heavy duty Land Cruisers. This truck has the 2LT 2.4 Liter Turbo Diesel engine.
Toyota Land Cruiser 80 Series Wagon
80 Series Features coil spring suspension, full-time 4 wheel drive with locking center differential and ABS brakes. First introduced in 1991, it was available in North America with the 3F-E engine. In 1992 the the engine was replaced by the 4.5 liter 6 cylinder 1FZ-FE engine, DOHC, 24 valves, and electronic fuel injection. In South America, Europe and Australia it is available with several other engine types including the 1HD-FT 4.1 liter Six cylinder in-line turbocharged direct injection SOHC 4 valve turbo diesel engine.
Toyota Land Cruiser 100 Series
100 Series Successor to the 80 Series. This model should be released in the 1988 model year. The USA version will be assembled in California, as the Lexus LX470 with a 4.7L V8. The front live axle has been replaced with an independent front suspension and torsion bars. The 100 series is too big and top-heavy to be much of a performer on-road, and the IFS makes it unsuited for anything but "week-end warrior" off road use. Also due to the IFS, the front locker is no longer an option.
Toyota Land Cruiser 105 Series
105 Series The real heir to the Land Cruiser throne. This is for markets where a Land Cruiser is a working vehicle, not a status symbol. The running gear is little changed from the 80 Series (that is, the solid front axle and coil springs are retained) This vehicle will not be available in North America.
Toyota Land Cruiser Mega-Cruiser
Mega-Cruiser This is a proof of concept vehicle to compete with the Hummer. This model sees limited distribution in Japan, and is not available in North America. It uses a 4.1 Liter direct injection intercooled turbo Diesel ,4 speed automatic transmission with lock-up clutch ,Full-time 4WD with 2 speed transfer case, 4 Wheel independent double wishbone suspension ,Front & Rear Limited slip differentials with locks, Axles with hub reduction gears and 37" tires, Minimum ground clearance 450 mm ,Counter phase four wheel steering ,Turning radius 11.8 meters, Rear tire air pressure adjuster, Inboard 4 wheel disc brakes. Check out the Toyota Japan site for more on the Mega Cruiser.
Toyota Land Cruiser Bandeirante Series
Bandeirante This line of Land Cruisers is currently manufactured under license by Toyota in Brazil. Earlier models used a diesel engine manufactured by Mercedes Benz. Current models use the Toyota14B Engine. Body panels are produced in Brazil from Toyota dies.
Production times for US and Canada
YEAR /ENGINE /TRANS /TRANSFER CASE /OTHER INFORMATION
1960 /F /3-on the tree /2.313:1 /Start of production
/F 6 Cylinder engine based on Chevrolet 6 cyl
Small round FR turn signals
Majority of FJs are convertibles
Front windshield push vent
Single brake master cyl reservoir
1963 /3 on the floor /(Option)
1964 /Flip-up roof vent removed
1965 Larger side windows and corner
1968 30 fine spline axles replace 10 coarse splines
Birfield joints replace ball joints in FR
Siamese centre exhaust ports replaced
One piece manifold gasket added
Cable throttle linkage replaces rod
VIN plate on door pillars
1969 /"Improved" steering centre arm
Small Rectangular FR turn signals
Replaceable element oil filter replaced
with cartridge type (03/69)
1970 Dual reservoir master cyl
1971 Power Brakes (07/70)
1972 /3 on the floor /STD /Smog pump appears (09/72)
1973 Separate model for California introduced (09/73)
EGR system added (09/73)
Safety catch added on hood
Ignition switch moved to steering
Factory AM radio
Buckets replace bench
Stronger steering box
1974 /2F /4 SPD /1.999:1 /Larger universal joints & flanges
Rectangular RR brake lights/turn signals
RR lower shock bolt moves from axle to U- bolt bracket
Clutch changed from coil spring type to diaphragm (08/74)
Longest production run of any LC (9/73-12/74)
1975 /1.959:1 /Thicker side doors
Ambulance doors replace lift/tailgate
LG Square FR Turn Signals/side markers
Wipers move to bottom of windshield
Muffler moved from between frame rails to under rear tub
1976 FR disk brakes
1977 Tubular spare tire mount (09/76)
Pop-out rear windows (08/76)
1978 /2F,B /Diesel comes to Canada
Fine spline axles
1979 3.73:1 Diff becomes standard on FJ
22 gal under-floor fuel tank
Improved exhaust manifold
Power steering (option)
Air conditioning (option)
Fewer, larger body mounts
Squared off headlight bezel
1981-2 /2.276 /3B comes to Canada
Larger shackles, hangers & frame gussets
Split case transfer case
New RR brakes with 11.8" drums and single
self-adjusting wheel cylinder (8/80)
Parking brake moved from rear of TFR to rear drums
Rear heater moves under center console
"Shield" shaped steering wheel centre
Chrome window weather stripping replaced with rubber
1983 /5SPD /1.959 /Dash re-designed & includes digital clock
Chrome outer door felt replaced with rubber
1984 /End of production for US
Although production of the 40 Series Land Cruiser stopped in 1984, there is still a copies in production. It is manufactured in Brazil and is called a "Bandeirante". It features a body/frame which is a copy of a Land Cruiser and is powered by a Mercedes diesel motor.
55 Series Specific Info
Many of the changes on the 40 series timeline also apply to 55 series.
80 Series Specific Info
Full time 4wd
All 80 series Cruisers sold in North America and Europe are full time 4wd. In Africa and Australia, a part-time system is still available. 80's produced between '90-'91 have an open center differential which is lockable in 4HI and automatically locked in 4LO. From '92 on, vehicles with ABS had a viscous coupling that sent a maximum of 30% torque the non-slipping axle. The differential is lockable in 4HI and automatically locked in 4LO.
Locking differentials were available as options in all 80 series. From 94 on, they were standard in North America. The operation of the lockers is very elegant. When the differential lock dial is turned to the "Locked" position, it switches on a small electrical servo. The servo pushes on a dog clutch which is meshed with the splines on the axle shaft. The dog clutch slides along the axle shaft and engages on the side of the differential carrier. The axle is then completely locked. They were offered from the production date 8/92 onwards.
Are you looking for the actual color code for your Land Cruiser restoration or repaint?
The best and by far the most comprehensive listing we found at an excellent resource, the Cool Cruisers website. They have compiled a huge list of codes for most FJ Land Cruisers. Below are the Color Codes recorded by Cool Cruisers taken from the firewall identification plate of stock Land Cruisers they have restored.
012 Cygnus White 415 Pueblo Brown 808 Horizontal Blue 611 Dark Green
113 Health Grey 416 Dune Beige 822 Royal Blue 621 Rustic Green (Dark)
309 Freeborn Red 464 Beige 854 Sky Blue 622 Nebula Green
414 Buffalo Brown 474 Dark Copper 857 Nordic Blue 681 Green
Outfitting your 4x4 for Offroad Travel
Many people new to 4wd'ing are often puzzled about the equipment needed where to go and what spare parts to carry
The answer to this is to join a club. Usually such Clubs run "Driver Training days" which show the best and safest way to use a 4wd.Most clubs also issue to new members lists of spare parts and recovery equipment needed to be carried. Also you can see how others have fitted out their 4wd's.
The following are ideas for setting up 4wd's they might not apply to everyone
Whenever going bush on a 4wd trip carry the following Basic Recovery Equipment
High Lift Jack ( with 300 x300 wood 10ply base plate)--- can also be used as a winch
Tree Trunk Protector
Axe or Bow Saw
D Shackles (proper rated ones stamped with Safe Working Load))
10 m snig chain--- Hook one end ,eye the other)
For harder trips or if traveling in one vehicle I include a hand winch & cable with a couple of snatch blocks and a Chainsaw.
In addition it is important to have proper recovery hooks or tow hitches fitted front and rear to the vehicle Purchase properly rated tow hooks from a 4wd Accessory Company and don't rely on the factory fitted hooks as many are not designed for the loads subjected to them during winching or using a snatch strap.
It is much easier if going on a long trip to make sure everything is mechanically sound before going than trying to fix a problem on the side of a bush track. Service the vehicle regularly and check the condition of radiator hoses fan belts lights check for oil leaks condition of tires and suspension before going on any trip.
However I do carry the following spares
Complete set of belts for power steering a/c and fan
Complete set of radiator hoses
Fuses for car and to suit CB Radios etc
Spare globes for tail light stop light and headlights
Selection of small ball bearings--- handy to blank off brake lines and wheel cylinders
Complete tire repair kit (including bead breaker)
A couple of lengths of electrical wire fitted with alligator clips
Gearbox Oil (2 liters)
Engine Oil (2 liters)
Set of Jumper Leads (made from 100 Amp cable)
Distilled water for battery
Wheel Studs (front & rear) & a couple of wheel nuts
Fuel Filters for main & Auxiliary tank
If going on a desert trip or to some other remote area I would include a spare coil ignition module, front wheel bearings & seals Brake m/c kit ,Clutch m/c & Slave cylinder kit ,Diff pinion seal, spare front & rear shocker, fuel pump ,water pump.