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Thread: Lamborghini LM Series Evolutoin

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    Default Lamborghini LM Series Evolutoin

    Following are the Off-road vehicles by Lamborghini (LM Series):

    Prototypes:

    Cheetah
    LM001
    LMA002

    Production:

    LM002

    Factory off road vehicles:
    LM004/7000
    LM002 'Paris Dakar'
    LM002 'Estate'

    The first Lamborghini off-road, that wasn't a tractor, was the Cheetah, it was built on contract for the American firm Mobility Technology International, which were contacted by the U.S. military to design and built an all-terrain vehicle.
    M.T.I. would sell the car while it would be built in Sant'Agata, Lamborghini didn't have the time to completely design the Cheetah itself, so basic instructions were taken from M.T.I., who unfortunately just copied a very well known vehicle, the FMC XR 311.
    This resulted in threads of legal action by FMC against M.T.I. and Lamborghini when the final prototype was presented to the people on the 1977 Geneva Auto Show.

    The Cheetah was designed and built in San José, California, after completing the prototype, MTI sent it to Sant'Agata were the Lamborghini engineers and technicians carried out a few modifications and brought it up to the production standards.
    However, this was only the first of a series of mistakes made with the Cheetah, Lamborghini decided to use a big 5.9-Litre Chrysler engine, coupled to a 3-speed automatic gearbox, driving the four wheels. The engine was mounted in the rear which caused the weight balance to be completely wrong, resulting in very poor road-manners. The Cheetah was designed to carry four armed people and a driver, a Fiberglass body was used, but the Cheetah was far too heavy for the underpowered engine, so overall performance was very poor. This engine was waterproofed and the radiator was protected by an infrared detection system.

    The decision to use an American made engine was probably made to gain the U.S.-Army contract, but it was very soon obvious the U.S. wouldn't invest in anything built outside the United States, and the Cheetah was rejected almost at once, it was however tested in dessert runs, and was subsequently crashed during one of those test.
    The Cheetah was completely destroyed, but the wreck was never returned to Italy, it's whereabouts today are unknown.

    The construction of the Cheetah took a lot of money, which should have been used to design and built the BMW E-26 prototype, which would become the successful M-1 (see entry), but the money ran out and the production of the BMW couldn't be started on the agreed date, resulting in the loss of the contract.

    The Cheetah was offered at $25.000 at that time, and an brochure was even made in Arab to attract the attention of the wealthy sheikhs, but neither the Army or any Arms manufacturer was interested, and after the crash of the prototype, Lamborghini didn't built a second Cheetah, but was left in even worse financial problems than before, things were looking very bad for Lamborghini in 1977, but they would be back, even with a successful four-wheel drive all-terrain Lamborghini.

    Lamborghini LM Series Evolutoin -481692
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    Lamborghini LM001

    After the Cheetah mishap, the idea of an off-road Lamborghini was still alive, and the new money that came with the entry of the Mimram brothers (which had unlimited funds according to their Swiss banks) made it possible to redesign the Cheetah into the LM-001.

    The LM-001 took the Cheetah design one step further, the engine was kept in the back, but it was decided to use the Lamborghini V-12 unit, now with a 4754 cc piston displacement to increase the flexibility and handling of this heavy machine. However, the first LM-001 used a 5896 cc AMC V-8 engine, but the choice of the engine wasn't the problem, the location of it was the major problem.

    The LM-001 was presented on the 1981 Geneva Auto Show, together with the new Jalpa, the body design used a lot of flat panels to make it easier to install armour-plated ones. It was still a four-seater, but now with four doors and two rectangular head lamps (some photo's show the Cheeath with doors installed, but it was mostly shown without doors or roof). Just behind the rear doors were big air intakes to cool the engine, but because it was placed in the back, the road holding capabilities weren't very good, while accelerating, the front became too light for best steering control, but this would be solved with a third car, which used the famous Lamborghini V-12 in the front, the LMA-002.

    Lamborghini LM Series Evolutoin -660237


    Lamborghini LM Series Evolutoin -660238
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    The LMA-002 (with the 'A' for Antiore) was the logical follow up of the LM-001, because on the latter one, the engine was in the back, its road holding was terrible, but on the LMA-002 the engine was moved to the front.
    This time it was a Lamborghini V-12, very much like the unit used in the Countach LP 500S. Because the engine was moved to the front, the entire chassis had to be redesigned; now becoming a multi-tubular steel space frame.
    In the rear, space was free now for six more passengers, together with the four seats inside the vehicle this added up to ten people.

    The suspension and the tires needed further development over those used for the LM-001, mainly because the LMA-002 was about 500 Kg heavier and could carry six more people. A very special naval type navigation system was installed, which used satellite references to locate the car, since it was intended to sell the car to customers who travel in the vast North African and Middle Eastern desserts. Because the engine was in front the steering became rather heavy, but this was cured by installing power steering, on the inside the LMA-002 was finished very basically, with four simple seats and a small dashboard.

    On this LMA-002, which remained a unique prototype, the four-wheel drive was not permanent, it was possible to transfer the power to the rear wheels only, and a 'real' five-speed ZF gearbox was installed, replacing the automatic transmission used in the LM-001.

    The bodywork still used many flat panels, again to make the armoring easier; the complete roof could be opened, so the passengers could stand up. The LMA-002 was given a serial number, making it the first production LM-002 which appeared in 1982. An LM-003 was also built; in fact, it was an LM-002 with a turbo charged diesel engine (HR/692-HT) installed in it, because the military required diesel propulsion. This engine, supplied by VM of Cento, with 3590 cc displacement producing 150 bhp at 4200 rpm and connected to a ZF five-speed gearbox was too underpowered for the heavy vehicle, and the project was abandoned.


    Lamborghini LM Series Evolutoin -660239
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    The four-wheel drive Lamborghini was carefully perfected and became available in 1986, the first production model was unveiled on an early 1986 Brussels Auto Show. The base of the LM-004 was used, but the engine became the new Quattrovalvole, now used in the Countach, but with a lower compression ratio to allow the use of 94 R.O.N. fuel.Orders began coming in for this new and strange looking vehicle, and the first went to H.R.H. King Hassan of Morocco. Soon others followed, with every possible option installed on them, from 'basic' factory models to heavily armored ones. Even the 7.0-Litre marine engine was installed in some of them, at one time even a station wagon-type was constructed as a prototype, but never entered production.

    The LM-002 became an immediate success, wherever you went with it, you would be admired, in the United States it even became known as the 'Rambo-Lambo', probably because its military looks and huge power. With its 1.89 m height, the LM-002 was a very impressive vehicle to appear in your rear view mirror, when you did see it, it was time to make way for it, because the LM-002 would surely pass you by in a cloud of dust.
    The LM-002 standard equipment included every luxury item available, leather seats, thick color-matched carpeting everywhere, air-conditioning, tinted power-windows, a stereo system mounted in a roof console and much more, but still some were sold each year to various armies around the world.

    The Saudi army ordered 40 of them for their own use, all equipped with machine guns. This military version of the LM was finished less fancy, the roof had a panel built into it with two trap doors, which opened above the rear seats.
    But the biggest market for the LM-002 were the wealthy people who wanted to drive a Countach but lived in places without 'real' roads.

    The large center bulge on the hood accommodated an equally huge air-cleaner casing, mounted directly over the six Weber carburetors. The fuel supply system was equipped with two filters, in-line and in-series, and the carburetors were set to burn far less than perfect fuel. An oversized radiator with two high-speed fans kept the 'hot' engine cool.
    The LM-002 was mounted on massive Pirelli Scorpion tires which offered unmatched road holding capabilities on both tarmac and sand, but which were also very expensive. These tires were exotic, Automobili Lamborghini SpA had Pirelli made them especially for the LM and offered them in two different tread designs, one for 'mixed' use and the other for 'sand' use only. These tires could be run virtually flat without risk and were the only rubbers available to compete with the desert heat, the loading and the speeds that the LM could inflict on them.

    Lamborghini did not make the LM body shells, in fact, they came fully assembled from Spain, but most of them needed to be upgraded because their build quality was too low for Automobili Lamborghini SpA standards.
    Production of this one-of-a-kind all-terrain vehicle was halted in 1992, the last 60 LM-002's were special equipped LM/American types, with special chromed bumpers, unique striping on both sides, upgraded leather interior and special side moldings underneath the doors, also special alloy OZ/MSW wheels were mounted.
    The total production was estimated at 328 units. Today a second-hand LM will cost around $100,000 and if you can afford one, buy it, because the Diablo has some competition, but nothing even comes close to the LM-002.

    After Automobili Lamborghini SpA went into Far Eastern ownership, some studies were made to create a successor for the massive LM002, but none of these designs ever made it into production, some early designs and more information can be found at the LM003 Borneo / Galileo page on this site.

    An LM002 was used in the sixth Rally of the Pharaohs, which ran in Egypt from October 18 to October 28 in 1987, as a lead car. Another was entered in this race by Sandro Munari, but he decided not to start after the organisator had a deadly accident behind the wheel of an offshore powerboat. But in the 1987 off-road Rally of Greece, Sandro Munari did enter a rally-prepared LM002, co-driving with Mario Mannucci, but this rally had its share of problems and a high speed track was removed from the rally, a track the LM002 would surely win, therefore Sandro decided to withdraw from the race. Before he withdrew from this race although, the Lamborghini LM002 did obtain very good results in the sessions it did compete in.

    Lamborghini LM Series Evolutoin -660242


    Lamborghini LM Series Evolutoin -660243
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    to be continued....
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    Lolll!!! man nice info but man i havent even read that much for my papers :p...n yea i was talking abt LM002
    http://www.pro-pakistan.com/

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    we got one parked at a local dealer for sale
    I'm a freak who lost his mind in the busy world of today and takes his frustration by being funny with others

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    @nak

    lol...

    so according to you reading about cars is worse than reading for exams.

    lack of interest in exams, acceptable.
    lack of interest in cars, what!!! are you an enthusiast or not?
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    @portage

    that is great, because, these cars are in a way very rare.
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    yea man its very rare but dont u think its kind of ugly ??
    http://www.pro-pakistan.com/

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    The Lamborghini LM004/7000, the ultimate off road machine.

    The idea of a multi-purpose Lamborghini was taken one step further with the enormous LM-004.
    The car was built around the same chassis as the LMA-002, but went much further, the engine wasn't the 'normal' 4754 cc unit (factory designation number L 503), but an all new 7.0-Litre one.
    This new engine was designed by Alfrieri and used very little parts from the original 5-Litre unit, this 7-Litre unit was actually destined for marine purposes and could be distinguished from the smaller V-12's by the larger exterior dimensions and the design of the cam cover.

    Several other parts around the engine were changed too, the gearbox became mechanical instead of the automatic ones in the first designs, and a special design by ZF was used, taken from the LMA-002.

    The suspension was also taken from the LMA, as was the power-assisted steering, but a big difference was the use of drum brakes on the rear axle.

    Lamborghini aimed the LM-004 at another category of customers, this was clearly visible on the inside of this car, the seats were changed for body-hugging types like those in the Countach, upholstered in leather, with nice carpets on the floor, a complete dashboard with radio-telephone, VHF radio, stereo system, air-conditioning, refrigerator and a cold-water tap between the back seats.

    All this made the LM-004 appear like a giant, upright Countach, and this large, 3000 Kg heavy beast could even reach 200 Km/h.

    Only one LM-004 was built, the new 7-Litre engine did not perform well enough to allow the increase of weight against a 5-Litre unit. Therefore, further testing was done with the 5-Litre unit, resulting in the LM-002, which would be commercialized from 1986 on, in almost the same form as the LM-004.
    Note that the original LM004/7000 was actually tested by AutoCar in May 1986, perhaps you can still find a copy of this test, unfortunately this rare Lamborghini no longer exists today.

    Rumors state however that it was possible to order the LM002 with the 7.0-Litre Lamborghini marine engine fitted into it, naturally on special demand for a wealthy customer, prices for this 'option' were never published, but then again, anyone who would order it with this massive engine wouldn't care about a little extra cost.

    Lamborghini LM Series Evolutoin -660593
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    In 1988, Automobili Lamborghini SpA decided the time was right to try the notorious Paris Dakar rally with their powerful four-wheel drive LM002.

    Sandro Munari was found to drive the car and a white over black leather LM002 was taken from the chain and modified by a special team of engineers.
    The interior was stripped from just about everything that put on weight and two race type bucket seats were installed with four-point seat belts.
    A big tubular roll cage was mounted, together with all kinds of GPS and position equipment; you do not want to get lost in the desert now do you ?

    For this special LM, a competition engine was developed, pumping out 600 Bhp, an open exhaust system was also mounted giving the LM a very brutal almost animal like sound when flooring the gas pedal.

    The suspension was also upgraded to cope with the constant pounding of high-speed desert driving, and the glass was replaced with lighter Plexiglas, the front side windows now featured small sliding part like on most racecars.

    Unfortunately this LM002 was never entered in the Paris Dakar Rally, according to some sources, the money ran out before it could be entered, although I personally think there had to be another reason, since the LM002 was entered in the Rally of the Pharaohs in 1987 and again in the off-road rally in Greece during 1988, both rallies were driven by Sandro Munari with this specific LM002.

    After its short competition life, the engine was replaced by a more 'standard' V-12 and the car was sold to a collector.

    Another LM002 was prepared for the 1989 Paris Dakar rally by a private party, this one was finished in orange over black, this one was later bought by Hubert Siegez, the Belgian Importer back in 1993, still in full Rally dress, he sold it to a Japanese collector who according to the Lamborghini Registry, still drives it with the original open exhaust system.

    Lamborghini LM Series Evolutoin -660594
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    I Agree With NAK Coz It Looks a Little Bit Cheap.

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    Ugly or beautiful,
    "I love Lambos"
    ...!
    --- Bmw is not in my blood - It's in my DNA!! --- Admin/Founder/Recruiter @ Pwcid ---

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    italian hummer?
    I would rather be exposed to the inconveniences attending too much liberty than to those attending too small a degree of it..and so restriction of free thought and free speech is the most dangerous of all subversions.

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    @szuberi
    probably more than that.
    Honda City 1999 1.5L NEO MT | Honda City 2009 1.3L AT

  17. 26-11-2011, 07:09 AM

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