wik_a, i would ignore your first comments. I have owned a C43 and i exactly know what it looks like. The C43 AMG was a w202 (older C-Klass shape) not the newer w203 as seen here. Secondly there has never been a C34 as you later mention yourself. There had been the C36 (also a w202). The C36 was the first C-Klass AMG and was produced by AMG before procuring the company in the late 90s.
Secondly the pic shows clearly as the car being badged a C32 not C34. Please sit a bit farther away from your monitor, it will be easier to make that out.
I certainly dont see a reason for someone to rebadge a Xli to a Gli, its still a Corolla!!! With a AMG you are talking about pedigree.