Toyota Land Cruiser Body Styles
Land Cruisers models are identified by an alphanumeric code. The code consists of the engine series designation letter(s) and the frame designation number separated by a the letter "J." The J may be intended to indicate Japan as the country of production. For example a 2 door with short wheel base and a 2F gasoline engine would be a FJ40.
Toyota Land Cruiser BJ (Toyota Jeep)
Land Cruiser BJ (Toyota Jeep) Back in 1950 the American Army contacted the Toyota Motor Corporation with a request for a 4WD vehicle to be used by the soldiers and military police stationed in Japan. Toyota took the request seriously. During the war Toyota had produced a 4WD vehicle named AK10 for the Japanese army. With that experience in their back pocket Toyota presented, within six months, in August 1950 the Toyota Jeep Model BJ. It had a two piece windscreen, a vertically ribbed front and its appearance did not differ much from the Jeep. The engine was a 6-cylinder gasoline, 3.386 liter and 63 kW. It had a 4-speed transmission without synchromesh and a single range transfer.
Toyota Land Cruiser 25 Series
25 Series In 1958 the Land Cruiser took on the familiar body style. It used the 3.8 liter 6 cylinder gas "F" engine. It had a slightly different grill and fenders than later 40's. (This example of the FJ25 was found in a Costa Rican Auto dealership.)
Toyota Land Cruiser 40 Series
40 Series The 40 Series was produced from 1961 to 1984. This is the classic Land Cruiser. It is a two door with removable hardtop / softop. Early models had a 3 speed transmission that was replaced in 1974 with a 4 speed, and in 1983 with a 5 speed. It is was produced with several engine types. FJ40's with the 3.8 liter 6 cylinder F engine came to North America around 1963. FJ40's with the 4.2 liter 2F engine started in 1974. BJ40's with the 3.0 liter 4 cylinder B engine came to Canada from '78-'80 but were offered elsewhere for longer. BJ40's with the 3.4 liter 3B came to Canada from '81-'84.
Toyota Land Cruiser 45 Series Troop Carrier
45 Series Troop Carrier This is a longer wheelbase version of the 40. This truck was spotted in Costa Rica. This style was not generally available in the USA although some were imported discreetly. Australia got their first FJ45 troopies in 1976, these were all soft top models with full hard doors. No diesel models until mid 1979 when the H series 6 cylinder diesel was introduced and a hard top model designated HJ45 arrived. It had 2 body options, 11 seat capacity or 3 seater, hardtop roof was full length fiberglass. All hardtops had "ambulance" rear doors, Nippondenso "factory under dash air" was an option. Around 1981 the HJ47 was released with the 2H diesel, padded dash and a change of color schemes. The HJ47 model continued until about late 1984.
Toyota Land Cruiser 45 Series Wagon
45 Series Wagon The 45 Wagon is quite rare It is similar to the troop carrier, but has 5 doors. Gifu Body manufactured the body for the 45 Wagon.
Toyota Land Cruiser 45 Series Pickup
45 Series Pickup The pickup version of the Land Cruiser. 45 LBPU Square bed with tie down loops on sides, removable hard/soft top. 45 SBPU Rounded bed with bevel on top rim like a 40. This version had fixed hardtop until approx. 1964 then removable hardtop.
Toyota Land Cruiser 55 Series Wagon
55 Series This model was available in North America from 1969 to 1980. It appeared with an F engine, and then was replaced with the 2F version in 1975. It is a station wagon with a narrower appearance than the 40 series.
Toyota Land Cruiser 60 Series
60 Series FJ60's were available from 1980 to 1987 and were equipped with the 2F Gasoline engine in the USA. BJ60's with the 3B Diesel became available in Canada in 1984, then they were replaced with with the HJ60 with the 6 cylinder Diesel and a 5 speed transmission from '85-'87.
Toyota Land Cruiser 62 Series Wagon
62 Series This updated version of the 60 series was produced from 1987 to 1989. It can be distinguished from the 60 Series by the 2 pairs of rectangular headlights. It has the fuel injected 3.9 L 6 cylinder fuel injected 3F engine and was available only with an automatic transmission in North America.
Toyota Land Cruiser 62 Series
70 Series The 70 series started production in 1985. The picture shows the LX version with chrome wheels, chrome steps and grill, 'air ride' front seats, and a folding rear bench seat. The 70 Series shares many features of the late model 40 series except for the body style, the frame and drive train very similar. The BJ70 has the 3B 3.4L diesel. This version was not imported to the United States, and Canada stopped importation of this version in 1987. The 70 series is equipped with power brakes, power steering, and 5 speed transmission. In Europe and Indonesia, the 70LC "Bandura" was produced which had coil springs instead of the standard leaf springs, and the smaller 2L-T 2.3L turbo diesel engine. The newer models have a redesigned grill and come with the 6 cylinder HZJ engine.
Toyota Land Cruiser 73 Series
73 Series These are commonly called the Mid Wheel Base (MWB) Cruisers. They came out with the FRP (Fiber Reinforced Plastic) tops. They are about 12" longer in the wheel base than the SWB 70's. Powered by the 3F Gasoline engine, or the 3B, the 13BT (basically a turbo 3B), and later the 1HZ (4.2L Diesel), and the 1PZ (a 5 cylinder 3.5L version of the 1HZ). Some of these (gas only) came with an optional 4 speed Automatic transmission. In Venezuela this model is available with the 4.5 liter 1FZ Engine used in the 80 Series!
Toyota Land Cruiser 75 Series Troop Carrier
75 Series Troop Carrier 1985 saw the release of the 75 series Troopie with new body, 2H diesel and 3F petrol engines, this model continued until 1990 with minor changes, again and several after market companies provided "pop top" camper conversions for this body. The main upgrade in 1990 was an increase in engine performance, in 1993 the "RV" model was introduced with some "luxo" options like 6 seats, 4 speaker AM/FM stereo cassette, extra sub tank, cloth insert seats, front door pockets, power rear door lock. The 1HZ diesel engine continued on and a new 1FZ-FE 4.5 liter petrol engine was introduced, also 1993. Integrated Air Conditioning was also optional for the 75 series troopies. The 75 series has been adapted for many roles, recreational, mining, ambulances, armored money trucks, hire campers, extended custom bodies for tour operators etc. The Defense Forces also use them extensively.
Toyota Land Cruiser 75 Series Pickup
75 Series Pickup This is the "pickup" truck version of the 70. The current model 70 series trucks have the 4.2l Six cylinder 1HZ Diesel. (Earlier models had the 5 cylinder diesel 1PZ) This model is being imported into Canada in small numbers for use in mines in northern Canada. These versions are stripped versions with split rims and bench seats, and are not DOT certified for on road use. They are modified with a crew cab in place of the box to carry mine workers
Toyota Land Cruiser 77 Series Wagon
77 Series Wagon somewhere in Brazil. This is an LJ77 light duty Land Cruiser. The light duty version is known as the Land Cruiser II. The light duty truck has coil springs instead of leafs, and 8" differentials like the Hilux rather than the 9.5" ones found on the heavy duty Land Cruisers. This truck has the 2LT 2.4 Liter Turbo Diesel engine.
Toyota Land Cruiser 80 Series Wagon
80 Series Features coil spring suspension, full-time 4 wheel drive with locking center differential and ABS brakes. First introduced in 1991, it was available in North America with the 3F-E engine. In 1992 the the engine was replaced by the 4.5 liter 6 cylinder 1FZ-FE engine, DOHC, 24 valves, and electronic fuel injection. In South America, Europe and Australia it is available with several other engine types including the 1HD-FT 4.1 liter Six cylinder in-line turbocharged direct injection SOHC 4 valve turbo diesel engine.
Toyota Land Cruiser 100 Series
100 Series Successor to the 80 Series. This model should be released in the 1988 model year. The USA version will be assembled in California, as the Lexus LX470 with a 4.7L V8. The front live axle has been replaced with an independent front suspension and torsion bars. The 100 series is too big and top-heavy to be much of a performer on-road, and the IFS makes it unsuited for anything but "week-end warrior" off road use. Also due to the IFS, the front locker is no longer an option.
Toyota Land Cruiser 105 Series
105 Series The real heir to the Land Cruiser throne. This is for markets where a Land Cruiser is a working vehicle, not a status symbol. The running gear is little changed from the 80 Series (that is, the solid front axle and coil springs are retained) This vehicle will not be available in North America.
Toyota Land Cruiser Mega-Cruiser
Mega-Cruiser This is a proof of concept vehicle to compete with the Hummer. This model sees limited distribution in Japan, and is not available in North America. It uses a 4.1 Liter direct injection intercooled turbo Diesel ,4 speed automatic transmission with lock-up clutch ,Full-time 4WD with 2 speed transfer case, 4 Wheel independent double wishbone suspension ,Front & Rear Limited slip differentials with locks, Axles with hub reduction gears and 37" tires, Minimum ground clearance 450 mm ,Counter phase four wheel steering ,Turning radius 11.8 meters, Rear tire air pressure adjuster, Inboard 4 wheel disc brakes. Check out the Toyota Japan site for more on the Mega Cruiser.
Toyota Land Cruiser Bandeirante Series
Bandeirante This line of Land Cruisers is currently manufactured under license by Toyota in Brazil. Earlier models used a diesel engine manufactured by Mercedes Benz. Current models use the Toyota14B Engine. Body panels are produced in Brazil from Toyota dies.