Oil is WAY too thick for this engine. Use 10w30 at max! Otherwise pick issues are going to be there along with excessive engine wear due to this goo in place of oil. Regarding gear oil, make sure you have 75w90 in it. You can't check which oil is there unless you know what you've put in it. If not sure then better change it. Plus a bottle of Ceratec with engine oil improves things dramatically.
Regarding thermostat, open radiator cap and start the car. If you see coolant flowing inside despite the car being cold then you don't have a thermostat. Get it installed.