Ever since the creation of automobiles lights have been a very important component for them. This single piece of equipment ensures that the automobile can be used during night time. However with the passing time and technological advancements in automobiles the lights are also becoming powerful and stylish. Common types of headlamps are reflector type headlamps whereas now most of the new models are coming with projector headlamps having HID lamps which have more powerful light beam that the conventional tungsten based reflector type head lamps. Both types of head lamps come with two basic modes of operations. Low beam and high beam.
Low beam (dipped beam, passing beam, and meeting beam) headlamps provide a distribution of light designed to provide adequate forward and lateral illumination with limits on light directed towards the eyes of other road users, to control glare. This beam is intended for use whenever other vehicles are present ahead or coming from other side of the road.
High beam (main beam, driving beam, full beam) headlamps provide a bright, centre-weighted distribution of light with no particular control of light directed towards other road users’ eyes. As such, they are only suitable for use when alone on the road, as the glare they produce will dazzle other drivers. Other use of high beam is during overtaking when the car coming from behind gives dippers to the car going in front.
Since most of the drivers in our country are illiterate and got driving license without proper training and testing the use of vehicle lights is largely unethical. Most of the people drive their cars with high beams ON, not realizing that it can blind the driver coming from other side hence, result in an accident.
Another misuse of vehicle light is in residential areas where drivers intentionally switch over to high beam to see faces of people walking and passing by. Strict laws should be implemented to curtail and stop the unethical use of high beams under normal driving conditions. This can be done by first educating the masses and then forcing the law by imposing fines on those violating the rules