Even now, base model Corollas and Citys’ come with steel wheels. Well we do like to get them alloy wheels but there are few things we need to keep in mind. Do note that both have their advantages and disadvantages. In simple, if you want to show off with a side of performance, get alloys. But if you drive a workhorse that takes a lot of beating on daily basis, steel wheels are your best bet.
Unsprung weight has much more effect on how the car handles than an equivalent amount of weight above the springs, such that even a small change in weight can have large effects.
Steel wheels are heavier than aluminum, so when you put steel wheels on a car that has had alloy wheels, you tend to find that the extra weight dampens acceleration and agility, lowers the car’s center of gravity and in general makes it drive more like a truck. Steel wheels do have a positive effect if you’re driving in winters and in snowy conditions. Extra weight is going to help tires dig in the snow/slush harder making you feel planted.
Steel wheels are also far stronger than alloy wheels. It is almost impossible to crack them. The force it takes to bend steel wheels is enough to crack, or even break the alloys.
In Pakistan, we get alloys in almost all top of the trim models of cars offered by local manufacturers. Alloy wheels are lighter than steel wheels and you can cast the alloy to get different designs, for both performance and aesthetics. Alloy wheels present far more options for the car owners to customize their vehicles to their liking.
The aluminum/nickel alloy is much lighter than steel and makes for more agile performance and better acceleration. The magnesium alloys are even lighter and are also stronger.
The disadvantage of alloy is that they are week. They don’t take the beating as good as steel wheels do. You can crack your fancy alloys far easier than steel wheels. To degree to which an alloy wheel is pliable or brittle depends greatly on how much nickel is added to the aluminum to make the alloy – more nickel adds weight and tends to make the alloy more brittle, less means a lighter wheel that is softer and tends to bend more easily. The construction method of alloys also has deep impact on its crash strength.
So the question is, what kind of vehicle you have and what are your daily driving needs. Choosing right wheel combined with the right tire for your car is very important for you and your passengers’’ safety.